Determining a Strategy for Sustainable Development of Local Identity: Case of Birgi (İzmir/Turkey)

Kadriye (Deniz) Topçu

Abstract


Today, it is difficult to retain and strengthen local character in the globalizing world. Showing the advantages of small towns and to strengthen their identities with focusing on ‘small realities in a globalizing world’’ by increasing the value of local differences is an important subject in the global atmosphere. From this point, taking the advantage of Birgi’s (Izmir/Turkey) having strong natural, man-made and cultural identity, this study aims to find out the most appropriate planning strategy for the sustainability of Birgi’s (İzmir-Turkey) local character and identity which was selected as a case study. This study made some on-site observations for establishing the existing local identity potentials of Birgi. After these observations, within the scope of the study, first of all, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT factors) of the settlement were identified. Additionally, to determine the most appropriate planning strategy, a numerical SWOT analysis called A’WOT analysis which is the combination of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and SWOT analysis was used. Then, identified SWOT factors prioritized by an expert group (35 person) using A’WOT analysis. After finding general and local priority values of SWOT factors, four planning strategies were displayed by using TOWS matrix. Then, the most appropriate strategy among these planning strategies was chosen according to their priority values. In conclusion, it was found that “Entering to Slow City Movement” planning strategy is the most appropriate and important strategy between prioritized planning strategies for the sustainability of Birgi’s local identity.


Keywords


Sustainability, local identity, A’WOT analysis, TOWS matrix, Birgi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abel, C. (1997). Architecture and Identity, Towards a Global Eco-Culture, Architectural Press.

Altınoluk, Ü. (1997). Su Şehri Birgi, İlgi dergisi, sayı:89, sf. 3-7, İstanbul.

Altınoluk, Ü. (1998). Selvi ve Birgi, İlgi dergisi, sf.14, İstanbul.

Altınoluk, Ü. (2001). The Field Studies in Birgi: The Example of Industrial Archeology, Traditional Environments in a New Millennium, Amasya.

Altınoluk, Ü. (2007). Geleneksel Kent Dokusu Birgi, Ege yayınları, İstanbul.

Aly, S.S.A. (2011). Modernization and Regionalism: Approaches for Sustainable Revival of Local Urban Identity, Procedia Engineering 21, 503-512, Elsevier.

Anonymous, (2001). Birgi, Kültür Bakanlığı yayınları, sf.3. Ankara.

Appleyard, D. Jacobs, A. (1982). Toward an Urban Design Manifesto, IURD Working Paper 384., University of California, Berkeley.

Ayan, M. (1985). Konut Alanları Tasarım İlkesi, Kent Koop. Yay. 52, Ankara.

Bozoğlu, T. (1996). İzmir İlinde Bir Kültür Merkezi: Birgi, Arkitekt Dergisi, sayı 440, sf. 86-95.

Clare C. M. and Francis C. (1997). People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space, Wiley; 2nd Edition.

Deniz, K. (2004). Konya’da Farklı Üç Kentsel Mekanda Kent Kimliği Üzerine Bir Araştırma, Basılmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Selçuk Ünv., Fen Bilimleri Ens., Konya.

Eruzun, C. (2000). Türkiye’de katılımcı korumaya bir örnek Birgi Yaz Okulu modeli, Tasarım+Kuram, sayı.2, sf.13-26.

Featherstone, M. (1993). Global and Local Cultures, Mapping the Futures: Local Cultures, Global Change (eds. John Bird et al.), 169–87. London: Routledge.

Gençsoylu, Z. (2009). 17 ve 18. Yüzyıllarda Birgi Kazası, Adnan Menderes Ünv., Sosyal Bilimler Ens., Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aydın.

Hough, M. (1990). Out of Place, Yale Unv. Pres.

Kajanus, M. Kangas, J. and Kurttila, M. (2004). The Use of Value Focused Thinking and A’WOT Hybrid Method in Tourism Management, Tourism Management, Volume: 25, pp: 499-506.

Kangas, J. Pesonen, M. Kurttila, M. & Kajanus, M. (2001). A’WOT: Integrating the AHP with SWOT Analysis, ISAHP 2001, Berne, Switzerland, pp. 189-198.

Keskin, E. B. (2012). Sürdürülebilir Kent Kavramına Farklı Bir Bakış: Yavaş Şehirler (Cittaslow), Paradoks Ekonomi, Sosyoloji ve Politika Dergisi, cilt: 8, sayı: 1, 81-99.

Knox, P.L. (2005). Creating Ordinary Places: Slow Cities in a Fast World, Journal of Urban Design, vol.10, no.1, pp. 1-11, Routledge.

Kotler, P. and Gertner, D. (2002). Country as a Brand, Product and Beyond: A Place Marketing and Brand Management Perspective, Journal of Brand Management, vol. 9, no. 4-5, pp. 249-261.

Kurttila, M. Pesonen, M. Kangas, J. and Kajanus, M. (2000). Utilizing the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in SWOT Analysis – A Hybrid Method and Its Application to a Forest-Certification Case, Forest Policy and Economics, v: 1, pp: 41-52.

Leskinen, L. A. Leskinen, P. Kurttila, M. Kangas, J. and

Kajanus, M. (2006). Adopting Modern Strategic Decision Support Tools in the Participatory Strategy Process – A Case Study of a Forest Research Station, Forest Policy and Economics, Volume: 8, pp: 267-278.

Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of the City, MIT press.

Lynch, K. (1981). A Theory of Good City Form, MIT press, Cambridge, MA.

Masozera, M. K. Alavalapati, J. R. R. Jacobson, S. K. and

Shrestha, R. K. (2006). Assessing the Suitability of Community-Based Management for the Nyungwe Forest Reserve, Ruanda, Forest Policy and Economics, v.8, pp: 206-216.

Mayer, H. Knox, P. L. (2006). Slow Cities: Sustainable Places in a Fast World, Journal of Urban Affairs, v.28. n.4. p.321-334. ISSN: 0735-2166.

Miele, M. (2008). Cittaslow: Producing Slowness against the Fast Life, Space and Policy, vol.12, no.1, pp. 135-156, Routledge.

Montgomery, J. (1998). Making a City: Urbanity/Vitality & Urban Design, Journal of Urban Design. vol.3. no.1.

Nastase, C. Kajanus, M. (2008). The Role of the Universities in a Regional Innovation System - A Comparative A’wot – Analysis, Interferente Economice, n.23., pp. 219-224.

Ocakçı, M. (1993). Şehir Kimliği ve Çevre İlişkileri, İ.T.Ü Mimarlık Fak. Şehir ve Bölge Planlama Bölümü Ders Notları, İstanbul.

Ocakçı, M. Southworth, M. (1995). Elements of Urban Identity; the Case of the Beykoz District of Istanbul, IURD, Working Paper 650, Unv. of California, Berkeley.

Oktay, D. (1998). Urban Spatial Patterns and Local Identity: Evaluation in a Cypriot Town, Open House International, vol.23, no.3, p.17-23.

Öngül, Z. (2012). Analysing the City Identity of Nicosia from a Historical Perspective: External Effects, Solutions Proposed, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 35, p.284-292.

Pesonen, M. Kurtila, M. Kangas, J. Kajanus, M. and Heinonen,

P. (2001). Assessing the Priorities Using A’WOT among Resource Management Strategies at the Finnish Forest and Park Service, Forest Science, v.47, n.4, pp: 534-541.

Pink, S. (2009). Urban Social Movements and Small Places, City, vol.13, n.4, pp. 451-465, Routledge.

Radstrom, S. (2011). Identity: an Introduction and History of Cittaslow, Italian Journal of Planning Practice (IJPP), vol.1, issue.1, p.90-113, ISSN: 2239267X.

Saaty, T.L. (1994). How to Make a Decision: The Analytic Hierarchy Process, Interfaces, vol. 24, no. 6, pp.19–43.

Saaty, T.L. (2005). Theory and Applications of the Analytic Network Process, Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications.

Schomoldt, D. L. Peterson, D. L. and Smith, R. L. (1995). The Analytic Hierarchy Process and Participatory Decision Making, Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Advanced Technology in Natural Resource Management, (Editors: J. M. Power, M. Strome and T. C. Daniel), pp: 129-143, Bethesda, MD, U.S.A.

Shaftoe H. (2008). Convivial Urban Spaces: Creating Effective Public Spaces, Earthscan publications ltd.

Shinno, H. Yoshioka, H. Marpaung, S. and Hachiga, S. (2006). Quantitative SWOT Analysis on Global Competitiveness of Machine Tool Industry, Journal of Engineering Design, vol.17, n.3, pp: 251-258.

Shrestha, R. K. Alavalapati, J. R. R. and Kalmbacher, R. S. (2004). Exploring the Potential for Silvopasture Adoption in South-Central Florida: An Application of SWOT-AHP Method, Agricultural Systems, vol.81, pp: 185-199.

Steward, R. Moarmed, S. and Daet, R. (2002). Strategic Implementation of IT/IS Projects in Construction: A Case Study, Automation in Construction, vol. 11, pp: 681-694.

Tanaç, M. (2001). Birgi’nin Yok Olma Nedenlerinin Sosyal ve Fiziksel Boyutu, TAÇ Vakfı 25. Yıl Anı Kitabı, Türkiye’de Risk Altındaki Doğal ve Kültürel Miras, TAÇ Vakfı yayınları, sf. 317-332, İstanbul.

Tekeli, İ. (1990). Bir Kentin Kimliği Üzerine Düşünceler, Antalya Kent Merkezi İçinde Kalekapısı ve Çevresi Kentsel Tasarım Yarışması Notları, Antalya.

Uslu, A. (2009). Sürdürülebilir Yeşil Kent Fikirleri, Örnekleri ve Türkiye İçin Dersler, 21. Uluslararası Yapı ve Yaşam Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı, Bursa: TMMOB Mimarlar Odası Yayını.

Weihrich, H. (1982), The TOWS Matrix: A Tool for Situational Analysis, Long Range Planning, 15 (2) , 54-66.

Yavuz, B.G. (1980). XIII. ve XIV. Yüzyıllarda Ödemiş Yöresindeki Babalar, Bülten 5, sf.25. Ödemiş.

Yavuz, B.G. (2005). Birgi: Coğrafyası, Halk Bilgisi, Tarihçesi, Tarihi Yerleri, Birgi Kent Kitaplığı, İzmir.

Yenice, M.S. (2014). Konya Tarihi Kent Merkezi İçin Turizm Odaklı Yenileme Stratejileri, Artium, vol.2. no.1, pp. 70-84.

Yılmaz, E. Coşgun, U. Koçak, Z. Ay, Z. Orhan, K.H. (2009). Katılımcı Yaklaşımla Ekoturizm Stratejilerinin Belirlenmesi ve Önceliklendirilmesi: Cehennemdere Vadisi ve Köprülü Kanyon Milli Parkı Örnekleri, Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı yayın no:386., DOA yayın no:51, Teknik Bülten no.29, ISBN: 978-605-393-055-6, T.C. Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı Doğu Akdeniz Ormancılık Araştırma Enstitüsü, Tarsus.

URL 1: http://www.nufusune.com

URL 2:Cittaslow official website, http://www.cittaslow.net (2016, 2018).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2018.59

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Iconarp International Journal of Architecture and Planning

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                                                                                    
                                                                                     INDEXES & DATABASES:
                                                                                                      
 
                        
                      
                       
 
 

                                                
                            ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning is an OAJ supported by Selcuk University, ©2018,