Analyzing Fringe Belt Phenomenon in the Historico – Geographical Structure of Milan, Italy

Dzheylan Safet Karaulan, Ayşe Sema Kubat

Abstract


The object of this paper is to identify the specific land use patterns in relation to a general framework of the fringe belts formation and modification through the urban expansion of Milan, a city with solid Italian planning tradition, by defining strong characteristics and land use transformations through comparative map analysis in a consistent timeline period.

Adapting the study of fringe belts, as signatures of the pulsations of urban growth, and a reflection of urban space needs beyond those of the residential and retail sectors, is pertinent as it contributes to understand each phase of city alteration and urban growth and relate them to economic and political forces linked to the contemporary development of metropolitan areas.  Applied adequately, fringe belt studies have been taken in different parts of Europe, but few have been done in Italy. This research, as a comparative study of superposition data approach, has aimed to verify the true development pattern of a city with dynamic typo-morphological transitions, with powerful industrial and service sector shifts recently, strictly reflecting on the shaping of the overall urbanized territory.

A general study of the urban evolution has been undertaken and development of the municipality has been observed with a focus on defining land use maps, and obtaining a comparative data analyzes by overlapping and tracking land use transformations and expounding fringe belt modifications through different expansion periods of the urban territory. In the contemporary city, fringe belts can play crucial role as vast green open spaces for recreation and leisure, natural boundaries from harmful industrial surroundings, as well as ecological corridors and mediums for natural systems maintenance and natural remedy to improve the quality of life and provide healthier environments for the overall urban systems.

Adapting the study of fringe belts in a regulated conceptual framework, and referring them into the historico-geographical structure of the urban development could lead up to adequate planning and urban design strategies that aim to improve the quality of life in contemporary urban landscapes.


Keywords


urban development, fringe belt formation, land use, transformation, modification

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albergoni, G. (2006). “I Mestieri delle Lettere tra Istituzini e Mercato. Vivere e Scrivere a Milano Prima Meta dell’Ottocento”, Milano: Franco Angeli.

Bigatti, G. (2000). “La citta operose. Milano nell’ottocento”, Milano: Franco Angeli.

Boriani, M., Rossari, A., Rozzi, R. (1993). “La Milano del Piano Beruto (1884 – 1889). Società, urbanistica e architettura nella seconda metà dell’800”, Milano: Guerini e Associati.

Carozzi, C. (1993). “La crescita urbana dall’Unità ad oggi, in Storia illustrata di Milano”, vol. 7.

Christine, P. (2009). “Inventing Futurism: The Art and Politics of Artificial Optimism”, Princeton University Press.

Conzen, M. R. G. (1969). Alnwick, Northumberland: a study in town-plan analysis Institute of British Geographers Publication 27, 2nd edn (Institute of British Geographers, London).

Conzen, M.R.G (2004), “Thinking about urban form. Papers on urban morphology, 1932-1998”, Bern: Peter Lang AG.

Conzen, M. P. (2009). “How cities internalize their former urban ringes: a cross-cultural comparison”, Urban Morphology13, 29-54

Costa, S.A.P., Machado,K. (2017). “A study of fringe belts in Belo Horizonte, Brazilia contribution to developments in urban morphology”. In G.Strappa (Ed.), Observations on Urban Growth, pp.17. Milan: Franco Angeli.

Cutini, V., Farese, D., Rabino, G. (2018). “Milan: The Configuration of Metropolis”, In R. Papa, R. Fistola, C. Gargiulo (Ed.), Smart Planning: Sustainability and Mobility in the Age of Change, pp.343-357. Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Finetti, G. (2002). “Costruzione di una città”, Milano: Ulrico Hoepli Editore.

Galuzzi, P. and Vitollo, P. (2017). “Milan and the Unification of Italy”, “Itineraries through Milan’s architecture: Modern architecture as a description of a city”, Fondazione dell’ordine degli Architetti, Planificatori, Paesaggisti e Conservatori della provincial di Milano.

GeDeA, de Agostini (1995). Guida Grande enciclopedia De Agostini . Novara: Istituto Geografico De Agostini.

Gu, K. (2010). “Exploring the fringe belt concept in Auckland: An urban morphological idea and planning practice”. New Zealand Geographer 66, 44- 60.

Hazar, D. Kubat, A.S. (2005). “Fringe belts in the process of urban planning and design: Comparative analyses of Istanbul and Barcelona”, ITU A,Z issue Vol 12, No 1,53-65.

Hazar, D., Kubat, A.S. (2015). “The fringe belt development process of Istanbul”, 23rd International Seminar on Urban Form (ISUF) 2015, Conference proceedings, 423-436, Nanjing, China.

Kubat, A.S., Hazar, D. (2018). İstanbul’un Çeper Kuşak Gelişim Süreci, Local ISUF Congress on Urban Morphology, İstanbul Technical University, İstanbul, Turkey. (proceedings forthcoming)

Kubat A.S. (2018). “Exploring The Fringe Belt Phenomenon In TheCase Of Istanbul”, CyNUM 2018, Cyprus Network of Urban Morphology, Plenary Session (invited speech), Cyprus.

Lammers, D. G. O., Roders, A. R., & van Wesemael, P. J. V. (2017). “Post-industrial Eindhoven and its radial fringe-belt: a morphology of contemporary urban growth”. In G. Strappa (Ed.), Observations on Urban Growth, pp. 15-50. Milan: Franco Angeli.

Louis, H. (1936). “Die geographische Gliederung von Gross- Berlin”, in Louis, H. and Panzer, W. (eds) Länderkundliche Forschung: Festschrift zur Vollendung des sechzigsten Lebensjahres Norbert Krebs 146-71, Engelhorn, Stuttgart.

Ünlü, T. (2018). "Urban Growth of Turkish cities", inObservations on Urban Growth, ed: Giuseppe Strappa, Dep. of Architecture and Design, (Diap) sapienza University, Rome, 173-189.

Venuti, G. C. (1986). Un secolo di urbanistica a Milano.Milano: Clup Press.

URL-1 http://www.stagniweb.it

URL-2 http://geoportale.comune.milano.it

URL-3 http://www.pim.mi.it/pgtonline/

Whitehand, J.W.R. (1987). “The changing face of cities: a study of development cycles and urban growth”. Blackwell, Oxford.

Whitehand, J. W. R. and Morton, N. J. (2003). “Fringe belts and the recycling of urban land: an academic concept and planning practice”, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 30, 819-39.

Whitehand, J.W.R. and Morton, N.J. (2004). “Urban morphologyand planning: the case of fringe belts”, Cities 21, 275‐89.

Whitehand, J. W. R. and Gu, K. (2017). “Urban fringe belts: evidence from China”, Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science 44, 80-99.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2018.56

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Iconarp International Journal of Architecture and Planning

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                                                                                    
                                                                                     INDEXES & DATABASES:
                                                                                                      
 
                         
                      
                       
 
 

                                                
                            ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning is an OAJ supported by Selcuk University, ©2019,