Thinking With Universal Designing in Historical Environment

Osman Tutal, Mehmet Topcu

Abstract


All sorts of values which are regarded as world heritage such as natural fields, monuments and sites under protection on a local scale are pieces of cultural identity and they are irreplaceable. The environment especially consists of historical structures have significant place in protection policies since they generally host daily life activities. Infact, meeting of social and cultural structures which societies have been figuring from the past with daily life turns into a resource for a sustainable future. However, it is generally impossible that those structures which have been constructed in their own terms can satisfy the needs of today. In our country where the balance of protecting-using is on behalf of the first one, the protection policies and protection regulations exceedingly limit the intervention to the natural environments. Wishing that historical structures are actualized into daily life on one hand and clamping down on accessing, visiting and utilizing those structures on the other hand leads to a serious discrepancy. However, the prominent examples which oversee the balance of protecting-using show that historical environments can be intervened through designing which will create or add values without compromising on protection.  All sorts of interventions to be conducted consider the potential needs of the users withiout giving any harms to the originality of the structure. Thus, it is expected that every one can access the builtup area including the historical structures, products and services and information equally and under equitable conditions. For that reason, making the built-up environment accessible, visitable and utilizable through universal designing is one of the fundamental rights for the people who expand their daily living environment through accessibility and universal designing.   

In this study, accessibility, visitability and utilizability of Bedesten (Covered Bazaar) Historical Site in the city of Konya are discussed through the theme of “Thinking through Universal Designing” and suggestions of designing are given in various scales (urban scale, street scale and structure scale). 


Keywords


Universal design, accessibility, historical environmet, Bedesten Historical Site, Konya

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akın Güler, G., & Tutal, O., (2017). Accessibility and Attachments Of Historic Buildings. Paper Presented At The 6th International Symposium On Conservation And Consolidation Of Historical buildings, 2-4 November 2017, Trabzon.

Aydın, Ş., (1989). Geleneksel Konya çarşısının karakteristik özellikleri, Yüksek lisans tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya.

Çakmak, B. Y. (2013). Kültürel Mirasın Korunması Bağlamında Bir Yeniden Kullanım Örneği, Hamdi Gültepe Evi. Artium, 1(1), 64.

Donely, J., (2011). Access, Improving the Accessibility of Historic Buildings and Places, nDA National Disability Authority,

http://www.buildingsofireland.ie/FindOutMore/Access%20-%20Improving%20the%20Accessibility%20of%20Historic%20Buildings%20and%20Places%20(2011).pdf (Accessed: 01.07.2018)

Ergenç, Ö., (1995). Osmanlı Klasik Dönem Kent Tarihçiliğine Katkı, XVI. Yüzyılda Ankara ve Konya, Ankara Enstitüsü Vakfı Yayınları:1., Ankara.

Evcil, A.N., (2014). Herkes İçin Tasarım Evrensel Tasarım, Boğaziçi Yayınları, İstanbul

Goldsmith, S., (2000), Universal Design A Manual of Practical Guidance for Architects, Architectural Press, Oxford

Hacıhasanoğlu, I. (2003). Evrensel Tasarım. Tasarım+ Kuram Dergisi, 2(3), 93-101.

Heitzman, F. E. (2005). Universal Access in Historic Buildings, AIA, ASID,.http://academics.triton.edu/faculty/fheitzman/ihpabrochure.html (Accessed: 27.01.2018)

Herssens, J., (2013). Design(ing) for more – towards a global design approach and local methods https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268686968_Designing_for_more__towards_a_global_design_approach_and_local_methods (Accessed: 12.02.2018)

Kocadağıstan, M.A., (2015). Konya Bedesten Çarşısı Sağlıklaştırma Projesi, Mimaran, Sayı:12, pp.71-82

Mace, R. (1985). Universal Design: Barrier free environments for everyone. Designers West, 33(1), pp.147-152

Ostroff, E. (2001). Universal Design: An Evolving Paradigm, Chapter 1, Universal Design Handbook, Presier, W. F. E., Editor in Chief, ISBN: 0-07-162923-4, New York: Mc Graw Hill

Steinfeld, E., & Tauke, B. (2002). Universal design. In J. Christophersen (Ed.), Universal Design. 17 Ways of Thinking and Teaching, Norway

Topçu, K., (2011). Alışveriş Alanlarının Mekânsal Kalite Açısından Değerlendirilmesi: Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analiz, Doktora Tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya.

Tutal, O., (2012). I. Ulusal Cami Mimarisi Sempozyumu: "Gelenekten Geleceğe Cami Mimarisinde Çağdaş Tasarım ve Teknolojiler", Dini Yapıların Ulaşılabilirliği ve Ulaşılabilir Bir Cami Olarak Eskişehir Hacı Hasan Cami, İstanbul

Tutal, O., (2013). Improving the Universal Access in Historic Environment, IGU Urban Challenges In A Complex World, Life in a changing urban landscape, 21-26 July 13, South Africa

Uslu, A., & Shakouri, N. (2014). Kentsel peyzajda engelli/yaşlı birey için bağımsız hareket olanağı ve evrensel tasarım kavramı. Kastamonu Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 14(1), 7-14.

Uysal, M, (2004). Tarihi merkezlerde ticaret mekanlarının değişim/dönüşüm analiz yaklaşımı; Konya, Kayseri, Sivas örneği, basılmamış doktora tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Konya.

URL 1 http://www.tabuenca-leache.com/portfolio/mejora-de-la-accesibilidad-de-la-zona-noroeste-con-la-ciudad-historica/

URL 2 https://vassallohistory.wordpress.com/the-barrakka-lift/

URL.3.http://mila.izkustvo.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/athens-acropolis-elevator.jpg




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15320/ICONARP.2018.49

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Iconarp International Journal of Architecture and Planning

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                                                                                    
                                                                                     INDEXES & DATABASES:
                                                                                                      
 
                  
                 
                
 
                   
 

                                                
                            ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning is an OAJ supported by Selcuk University, ©2018,