Successes and Failures in Urban Development of Ankara

Özge Yalçıner Ercoşkun

Abstract


Ankara, the capital of Turkey, represents a modern model city built in the Republican period after 1923. The majority of the countries’ population resides in this city after İstanbul and political, social and economic functions are mostly clustered in the urban zone. After 1940s, the city changed dramatically. Its population grew enormously and the city expanded through conversion of agricultural lands in the west. In addition, political and educational developments produced a significant population of officials and students within the city. This paper focuses on patterns of settlement in Ankara from ancient times to today and explains these from developments in the urban planning perspective. It concludes that the global shopping malls and local transport- landuse policies together with the structure of housing market have directed the city to car-oriented sprawled development without an identity, encouraged the development of gated communities in the city. It concludes by posing the question whether this may change in the future and more mixed use can be expected.


Keywords


Ankara; Urban Planning; Car-Oriented policies; Transformation; Urban Sustainability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akçura, T. (1971). Ankara - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin Başkenti Hakkında Monografik Bir Araştırma. ODTÜ, Ankara.

Akpınar, F. (2008). “Class dimension of housing inequalities in the new era of liberalization: a case study in Ankara”, METU JFA 25:2,pp. 39-69.

Aktüre, S. (1992). Osmanlı döneminde Ankara’nın ticaret merkezi hanlar bölgesi, in Şahin, N. (Ed), Ankara Konuşmaları. TMMOB Chamber of Architects, Ankara Branch, Ankara.

Altaban, Ö. (1998). 75 Yılda Değişen Kent ve Mimarlık, Tarih Vakfı Yayınları, İstanbul.

AMNPB (1977). Ankara Metropoliten Nazım Plan Bürosu Raporu, pp. 321-322.

Ankara Greater Mucipality 2023 Plan Report, 2009, http://www.ankara.bel.tr/AbbSayfalari/ABB_Nazim_Plani/ABB_nazim_plani.aspx

Ankara Greater City Municipality website, http://www.ankara.bel.tr

Bademli, R. (1985). “1920-40 döneminde Ankara’nın yazgısını etkileyen tutumlar”, Mimarlık Journal 121, pp.10-16.

Bademli, R. (1987). Ankara’da kent planlama deneyi ve ulaşılan sonuçlar, in Tekeli, İ. (Ed) Ankara 1985’ten 2015’e. Ajans İletişim, Ankara.

Baslo, M. A.; Yürekli, F. (2009). “Bir devrim mekanı: Ankara”, İTÜ Dergisi/A 8(2), pp. 121-132.

Bayraktar, N.; Tekel, A.; Ercoşkun, Ö.Y. (2008). “An evaluation and classification of urban furniture on Ankara Ataturk Boulevard and relation with urban identity”, Journal of Gazi University Engineering and Architecture Faculty 23(1),pp. 105-118.

Buluç, S. (1991). “İlkçağda Ankara”, Ankara Dergisi 2,13-22.

Cengizkan, A. (2002). 1924-25 Lörcher Planı: Ankara’nın İlk Planı, Arkadaş Yayınları, Ankara.

Ceylan, A. (2003). Structural tools in the making of cities: form as a development control mechanism, unpublished Msc thesis, METU, Ankara.

Çağıl, İ. (2007). Baykan Günay ile Ankara Üzerine, http://www.arkitera.com/s74-baykan-gunay-ile-ankarauzerine.html, 04/05/2010

EGO 2009 website, http://web.ego.gov.tr/inc/newsread.aspid=265

Ercoşkun, Ö.Y.; Varol, Ç.; Gürer, N. (2005). “From a planned capital to a scattered urban form: analysing sustainability of Ankara”, SB05 The 2005 World Sustainable Building Conference Proceedings CD, Tokyo.

Erkip, F. (2010). “Community and neighborhood relations in Ankara: an urban–suburban contrast”, Cities 27, pp.96-102. Hürriyet, 01/05/2010, http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/english/finance/11137233.asp

İlkay, Y. (2008). “Kızılay Meydanı’nın politik-sembolik anlamı: 1960-1964 yılları”, Mülkiye Dergisi 261, Ankara.

Günay, B. (1988). “Our generation of planners, the hopes, the fears, the facts; case study: Ankara”, Scupad 88, 20th Anniversary Meeting, Salzburg.

Güzey, Ö. (2009.) “Urban regeneration and increased competitive power: Ankara in an era of globalization”, Cities 26,pp. 27-37.

Köroğlu, B.A.; Ercoşkun, Ö.Y. (2006). “Urban transformation:a case study on Çukurambar”, Ankara, Gazi University Journal of Science 19(3),pp. 173-183.

Leitmann, J. (1999). Sustaining Cities: Environmental Planning and Management in Urban Design, McGraw Hill Professional Architecture, USA Ministry of Industry and Commerce website,

http://www.sanayi.gov.tr, 04/05/2010

Oğuz, D. (2000). “User surveys of Ankara's urban parks”, Landscape and Urban Planning 52, pp.165-171.

Öcalır, E.V.; Ercoşkun, Ö.Y.; Tür, R. (2010). “An integrated model of GIS and fuzzy-logic (FMOTS) for location decisions of taxicab stands”, Expert Systems With Applications 37, pp.4892-4901.

Sağdıç, O. (2002). Once upon a time Ankara, Ankara Greater City Municipality Publication, Ankara.

Sargın, G.A. (2009). “Öncül kamusal mekanları tasarlamak: başkent Ankara üzerine kısa notlar, 1923-1946”, Mülkiye Dergisi 241, Ankara.

Soysal Shopping Center Catalogue, 2008, http://www.soysal.com.tr/bolum/20/soysal-gorsel-magazacilik-katalogu-2008/tr, 02/03/2009.

Tankut, G. (1993). Bir Başkentin İmarı:(1929-1939), Anahtar Kitaplar, İstanbul.

Tekel, A.; Varol, Ç.; Ercoşkun, Ö.Y.; Gürer, N. (2005). Bir yaz okulunun adından: Atatürk orman çiftliği, Planlama Journal 2005/4; pp. 26-34.

TOKİ website, http://www.toki.gov.tr/programlar/uygulamatakip/c_illist.asp?x_ilkodu=6, 20/03/2010.

TUIK Statistics, ADNKS, 2009, http://tuikapp.tuik.gov.tr/adnksdagitapp/adnks.zul, 23/04/2010.

Tunçer, M. (2001). Ankara (Angora) Şehri Merkez Gelişimi(14-20.YY), T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı Kültür Eserleri, Ankara.

Yazman, D. (2009). http://www.arkitera.com/news.php?action=displayNewsItem&ID=46008, 13/10/2009.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2013 Özge Yalçıner Ercoşkun

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                                                                                    
                                                                                     INDEXES & DATABASES:
                                                                                                      
 
              
               
                
 
                   
 

                                                
                            ICONARP International Journal of Architecture and Planning is an OAJ supported by Selcuk University, ©2017,